Gyroxus Gaming Chair for Motion Cueing in VR


Can self-motion per­cep­tion in vir­tual real­ity (VR) be enhanced by pro­vid­ing afford­able, user-powered min­i­mal motion cueing?

Introduction & Motivation:  Can self-motion per­cep­tion in vir­tual real­ity (VR) be enhanced by pro­vid­ing afford­able, user-powered min­i­mal motion cueing? To inves­ti­gate this, we com­pared the effect of dif­fer­ent inter­ac­tion and motion par­a­digms on onset latency and inten­sity of self-motion illu­sions (“vec­tion”) induced by curvi­lin­ear loco­mo­tion in pro­jec­tion– based VR.

Methods:  Participants either pas­sively observed the sim­u­la­tion or had to actively follow pre-defined tra­jec­to­ries of dif­fer­ent cur­va­ture in a simple vir­tual scene. Visual-only loco­mo­tion (either pas­sive or with joy­stick con­trol) was com­pared to loco­mo­tion con­trolled by a mod­i­fied Gyroxus gaming chair, where lean­ing for­wards and side­ways (±10cm) con­trolled sim­u­lated trans­la­tions and rota­tions, respec­tively, using a veloc­ity con­trol par­a­digm sim­i­lar to a joy­stick. In the active visual+chair motion con­di­tion, par­tic­i­pants con­trolled the chair motion and result­ing vir­tual loco­mo­tion them­selves, with– out the need for exter­nal actu­a­tion. In the pas­sive visual+chair motion con­di­tion, the exper­i­menter did this.

Results & Discussion:  Self-motion inten­sity was increased in the visual+chair motion con­di­tions as com­pared visual-only motion, cor­rob­o­rat­ing the ben­e­fit of simple motion cueing. Surprisingly, how­ever, active con­trol reduced the occur­rence of vec­tion and increased vec­tion onset laten­cies, espe­cially in the chair motion con­di­tion. This might be related to the reduced intu­itive­ness and con­trol­la­bil­ity observed for the active chair motion as com­pared to the joy­stick condition.

Conclusions:  Together, find­ings sug­gest that simple user-initiated motion cueing can in prin­ci­ple pro­vide an afford­able means of increas­ing self-motion sim­u­la­tion fidelity in VR. However, usabil­ity and con­trol­la­bil­ity issues of the gaming chair used might have coun­ter­acted the ben­e­fit of such motion cueing, and sug­gests ways to improve the inter­ac­tion paradigm.


Video of how such motion cueing could be applied in VR simulations

Below is an exam­ple of how one can con­trol the self-motion sim­u­lated in Virtual Reality by simply lean­ing into the direc­tion of intended travel. No motors, actu­a­tors, or com­plex motion cueing algo­rithms needed.


Videos of the four motion conditions

"Visual+Chair Active" condition: Participant actively controls locomotion using Gyroxus gaming chair


"Visual+Chair Passive" condition: Experimenter controls locomotion using Gyroxus gaming chair


"Visual-only Active" condition: Participant actively controls locomotion using Joystick


"Visual-only Passive" condition: Participant simply watches simulated motions without any control

Media Gallery

Related Publications

Kitson, A., Grechkin, T. Y., Heyde, M. von der, & Riecke, B. E. (2016, May). Effect of Physical Rotations and Gender for Navigation Performance in Virtual Environments. Poster pre­sented at the International Meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Granada, Spain. Retrieved from (Download)
Grechkin, T. Y., & Riecke, B. E. (2014). Re-evaluating Benefits of Body-based Rotational Cues for Maintaining Orientation in Virtual Environments: Men Benefit from Real Rotations, Women Don’t. In ACM Symposium on Applied Perception SAP (pp. 99–102). Vancouver, Canada: ACM. (Download)
Feuereissen, D. (2013, August). Self-motion illu­sions (vec­tion) in Virtual Environments: Do active con­trol and user– gen­er­ated motion cueing enhance visu­ally induced vec­tion? (MSc Thesis). Simon Fraser University, Surrey, BC, Canada. Retrieved from (Download)
Riecke, B. E., & Feuereissen, D. (2012). To Move or Not to Move: Can Active Control and User-Driven Motion Cueing Enhance Self-Motion Perception (“Vection”) in Virtual Reality? In ACM Symposium on Applied Perception SAP (pp. 17–24). Los Angeles, USA: ACM. (Download)
Riecke, B. E. (2006). Simple user-generated motion cueing can enhance self-motion per­cep­tion (Vection) in vir­tual real­ity. In Proceedings of the ACM sym­po­sium on Virtual real­ity soft­ware and tech­nol­ogy (pp. 104–107). Limassol, Cyprus: ACM.